Edward FitzGerald was born in a family of eight children, on March 31, 1809. At the age of nine, he visited King Edward VI Grammar School in Bury St. Edmonds and at age seventeen he went to Trinity College in Cambrdige. Some of his fellow students were friends for life and became men of literary fame, such as William Makepeace Thackeray and Alfred Tennyson.
Some years after graduation FitzGerald settled down in a cottage near Boulge Hall, in the neighbourhood of Woodbridge, Suffolk. When his mother, one of the wealthiest ladies in England, died, she left him an enormous fortune, allowing him to live a life without the necessity of a job. He spent his days visiting friends, reading, writing letters, making music and collecting paintings.
In 1856 he married Lucy Barton, the daughter of one of his friends, the poet Bernard Barton. Marriage was a disaster and after a few weeks the couple parted again. FitzGerald died on June 14, 1883 and was burried near the Church of St Michael & All Angels, in Boulge, Suffolk.
Omar Khayyám's fame in the West is mainly due to the translation of his verses by Edward FitzGerald, published for the first time by Bernard Quaritch in Londen, 1859. Edward FitzGerald (1809-1883) produced four versions of the 'Rubáiyát'. In the 'Letters and literary remains' (Londen, 1889) a fifth edition was presented, based on corrections by FitzGerald, that were found after his death, in a copy of the fourth edition in his library.